Bach House Eisenach, Berlin, Berlin Cathedral, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Charles Sanford Terry, coach, Deutsche Welle, Eisenach, Elias Gottlob Haussmann, Hamburg, Johann Nicolaus Forkel, Leipzig, Manfred Gorke, portrait, ship
The Bach House in Eisenach, the town where Johann Sebastian Bach was born, has acquired a portrait of the composer long believed to have vanished. It’s very likely the portrait was made during his lifetime.
Experts agree: A pastel portrait that has resurfaced is an original from the second half of the eighteenth century. Following the Eisenach museum’s investigations, scholars say the piece corresponds to the physical condition of the long-sought picture, as well as the style of painting and the clothing represented in it. Furthermore, the facial features, with low-set eyes and underbite, resemble those from a Bach painting by Elias Gottlob Haussmann from the year 1746 – a work held to be undeniably authentic.
It’s believed Manfred Gorke first acquired this picture around 1927 or 1928 to be part of his famous collection – one of the last large and privately-owned assemblages of Bach items. The English researcher Charles Sanford Terry identified it at the time as an authentic pastel depiction of Bach, stemming from a collection held by the composer’s son Carl Philipp Emanuel. After Gorke’s collection was dissolved, the painting went to a private individual in Berlin and vanished from public view.
That a Bach pastel existed is known from letters that Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, then living in Hamburg, sent to his father’s biographer Johann Nikolaus Forkel. “My father’s portrait is painted in pastel. I had it transported here from Berlin by boat and ship because such paintings with dry colors can be damaged when transported by coach.”
These letters are the only documents that offer historical proof of the existence of another Bach picture in addition to the famous Haussmann portrait from 1746, which hangs in Leipzig’s former City Hall.
Two years ago, the pastel was offered for purchase to the Bach House in Eisenach, which paid 50,000 euros ($70,000) for it. Following a six-week special exhibition titled “Echt Bach!” (Authentic Bach!) in the Berlin Cathedral, the newly-purchased painting has been on display at the Eisenach Bach House.